Alexandria ranks the second largest city in Egypt after Cairo. It is located to the north central part of the country. It is well-known for the charming location along the coast of the Mediterranean Sea. Alexandria, in addition, is considered an important economic and trading center due to its proximity to the port. Alexandria is well-known by its glorious history descending from the Greco-Roman empire and the Islamic conquest of Egypt to the modern Egyptian history.
Known as ‘The Bride of the Mediterranean Sea’, Alexandria was founded in 331 BC by the famous Alexander the great. It once owned one of wonders of the ancient world which is the Pharos Lighthouse. Moreover, Alexandria library was considered the archive of ancient knowledge due to having a large number of books, papyrus rolls and manuscripts.
A brilliant piece of the modern architecture is located directly on the Mediterranean Sea. Bibliotheca Alexandrina takes the shape of the sun disk rising out of the sea. The exterior walls of the library are made of granite and are carved with letters, hieroglyphs and symbols from over 120 different human scripts. It includes variety of museums and known for the different activities, shows, sessions and conferences. If you are fascinated by the history of Alexandria and Egypt, So the library of Alexandria is a must-see during your vacation!
It includes a collection of more than 1800 archaeological pieces displayed in chronological order from one floor to the next. The building used to be a palace serving the meeting place for royals and high class hierarchy of Alexandria. The museum's building is a piece of art and is considered a good start to discover the town.
Located in Karmouz district to the east of Alexandria, it is thought that the catacomb used to be a private tomb which was converted to be a public cemetery. Kom El-Shoqafa means "Mound of Shards", the name comes from the piles of broken pottery found in the area. Archaeologists suggest that these were broken and left behind by the deceased's relatives who would visit the tomb bringing food and drink with them. Believing it is a bad omen to take the vessels back home; they broke it and left it near the tomb's location. The catacomb includes monuments dating back to the Pharaonic, Greek and early Roman times. That is why you will find Ancient Egyptian styled statues; yet bear Roman clothes and hair styles. It is definitely unique place to visit and be ready to listen to lots of interesting stories regarding the cemetery!
During the 15th century, Sultan Qaitbay built this fortress to defend Alexandria from the Ottoman Empire's advances. It owns strategic location on a small piece of land at the mouth of Alexandria's Eastern Harbor; the location is the same site of the old Pharos Lighthouse. After the British bombardment of Alexandria in 1882, the fortress was neglected until the 20th century when it was restored by the Egyptian Supreme Council of Antiquities. The most amazing part is the interior rooms and halls of the citadel and getting to know the exact locations where the soldiers actually stood to defend the gates of Alexandria. There is also an aquarium in front of the citadel definitely worth the visit.
Situated in Al-Attarin district, the Ancient Roman Amphitheater was built by ancient Romans to hold popular events such as: gladiator combats, executions and animal slayings. While many examples of Roman amphitheaters are found in Europe and the Middle East, the Roman Amphitheater in Alexandria is the only one of its kind in Egypt.
In 1928, A Café holding the name of the former Egyptian king Farouk was opened in Bahari District, Alexandria. Farouk Café is a famous attraction where you will enjoy watching old people playing board games and watching sports on big screens at night. The café has a unique old decoration with the photos of King Farouk and his royal family on its walls.
The beautiful Montaza palace along with its museum and extensive gardens is located in a district holding the same name to the east of central Alexandria. Overlooking the Mediterranean Sea, the palace was built by Khedive Abbas II in 1892 and it was used as residence for the king and his companion in addition to a haunting lodge. Later additions were added by king Fouad I in 1932 and the setting was used as a summer palace. Nowadays, the park and the royal gardens are open to public for enjoying the amazing scenes.
The Royal Jewelry museum is an art and history museum in Alexandria & the current location of the building used to be the former palace of Princess Fatima Al-Zahraa. After the Egyptian Revolution in 1952, the royal jewelry was taken to safe governmental stores for a long period of time until it was recommended that this jewelry should be displayed in a museum to the whole world. The museum's halls retain the most valuable jewelry collection of Muhammad Ali's Royal family and his descendants. It has more than 11,000 displays varying between gold, bronze, diamond, precious stones well-decorated ornaments, watches, glass cups, boxes, necklaces, rings and more. It also includes 4000 Roman, Byzantine, Coptic and Persian coins. It is definitely unique and worth-visiting sightseeing in Alexandria.
Eliyahu Hanavi synagogue has a long history. The earliest structure dates back to 1354 AD which was badly damaged during the French invasion of Egypt in 1798. It was then, rebuilt in 1850 and the current building dates back to 1881. It is the larger of the two remaining Jewish worship houses in Alexandria and is located in El-Nabi Daniel Street at Alexandria's downtown. On the 10th of January 2020, the Egyptian minister of tourism and antiquities, unveiled Eliyahu Hanavi synagogue in Alexandria after three years of restoration. The renovation process started in 2017 after the synagogue was partly collapsed in 2016 preventing further destruction to the building. Reopening the Jewish synagogue highlights the fact that Jewish antiquities are an essential part of Egypt's cultural heritage and it indicates the variety of the Egyptian community and beliefs.